Amber – Colors, Shapes and Sizes
There are many different types of Amber that are found and used today. Most of the Amber that is sold is called Succinite. This type of Amber is mainly found in Northern Europe and is golden brown in color and hard in substance. The hues tend to be from yellowish honey to a gentle brown with gold in it to a dark brown. This is usually the most popular type of Amber available and it is generally used for ornamental jewelry, as well as tips on smoking devices such as pipes. Amber can be molded into certain shapes; however, most jewelry reflects the Amber’s natural beauty and forms.
Besides Succinite Amber there is also Amber that has inclusions. Besides Amber being just fossilized plant structure, Amber can include an inclusion. An inclusion means that remains of spiders, insects, crustacean, in fact any small organism can have been caught in the once sticky substance that fossilized and created Amber.
Amber can come in other colors besides its trademarked brown. For instance, Amber may also have a bluish color due to pyrites. Amber can come in a deep brownish black color, due to the lack of certain acids, this kind of Amber is called Stantienite. Glessite is an opaque brown Amber that has many cavities within the resin. The term Glessite comes from the word Glesum which is an old name for Amber.
How and Where is Amber Formed and Found
Most Amber comes from the sea floor which is released once waves and other marine forces crash upon it. Amber can be picked up from the shore line and can be fished for. Many people fish for Amber using long poles and special nets. Usually the Amber that has washed up along shore is dull and dirty and must be polished. The reason for its dullness is that Amber usually rolls in the sand for long periods of time before it is eventually removed.
Commercial divers are also employed to mine certain areas of the sea floor and recover Amber from deep waters. Years ago, dredging took place on certain parts of the sea in order to maximize the Amber that was either loose or still part of the sea bed. Mines are also used to dig deep into the sea crust, however usually special galleries are created instead of deep open holes.
The Uses of Amber
Although Amber is usually categorized as a precious gemstone due to some of its qualities, it is actually a fossilized resin. Amber has been known to man since the beginning of time and since Amber forms naturally around the world, it has been used mainly as ornamental jewelry.
The largest deposits of Amber are located near the Baltic and Black Seas; in fact, today you can take a net and actually fish for Amber. Usually Amber comes from the floor of the sea that has been fossilized between 30 million and 90 million years ago.
There are no real industrial uses for Amber, however since Amber has been known to man for thousands of years it has been given many mystical qualities over the years by different cultures.
Amber is used in new age philosophies as a way to heal eyes and gland swelling in the throat and lungs. It is said to also have the properties of balancing out your endocrine network and digestive tract.
Amber was also given magical powers in ancient and medieval times. For instance, Amber is associated with good luck and the cycle of life. Amber is considered good for longevity, it is also said to make the person wearing Amber more electric or magnetic, ultimately more attractive.
It is also said that Amber protected one against rheumatism and gout, as well as a snake bite. Many newborns were given Amber to wear as infants, in order to guard them from evil forces witches, the devil and witchcraft.
How and Where is Amber Formed and Found
Amber is not a stone, actually it is fossilized resin. Amber can be different in composition, but mostly includes resin soluble alcohol, chloroform and ether. Amber is created by once living entities such as trees and other types of flora.
Amber can usually be found in all parts of the world where there was once flora living millions of years ago. Amber in general has its biggest depositories in the Baltic region. Baltic Amber is found all along the Baltic and North Seas from the north of Germany to Sambia, which is now part of Russia.