Obsidian – Colors, Shapes, and Sizes
Obsidian is a semi-precious gemstone that truly does offer the wearer unique beauty. This gemstone is created by lava that has surfaced from a volcano or lava stream and cooled off extremely quickly, not allowing it to form into normal rocks, instead it has a beautiful glossy, glassy look to it.
Obsidian is made from silicon dioxide and while it was used in the past for weapons and tools, today, it is mostly used for beautiful ornamental jewelry. Since Obsidian forms in many regions and can combine many minerals and elements, there are plenty of different varieties of Obsidian which are extremely unique and attractive.
Obsidian can come in many different colors including dark green, dark brown, black, golden sheens, beautiful yellows, blues, and tinges of purple. Obsidian can also incorporate inclusions such as cristobalite.
There are many different varieties of Obsidian including Sheen Obsidian or Rainbow Obsidian. These types of Obsidian include very small bubbles of air that are aligned to the gemstone, giving it either a golden, green sheen, or a rainbow sheen.
Obsidian can also come with small white inclusions made from cristobalite. These small white crystals look very similar to snowflakes and are called Snowflake Obsidian. Obsidian can come in rather large sizes and are great for carving figurines or statuettes out of. They can also be smoothed into small balls such as beads. They are extremely beautiful and very attractive as ornamental jewelry. If you are looking for a unique gemstone that looks great in almost any setting, check out Obsidian.
Where Does Obsidian Come From?
Obsidian is one of the more popular semi-precious gemstones. In fact, many people usually don’t realize that their jewelry is made from Obsidian; many think it is a type of smoky Topaz or quartz.
Obsidian is formed from lava, however, unlike normal lava that reaches the surface of the earth and cools into rock formations, Obsidian usually reaches the surface and is cooled extremely quickly, causing it to create a beautiful glassy texture. Obsidian can come in a wide variety of colors and types due to the fact that it is usually mixed with many minerals or elements such as iron, magnesium, and in some cases cristobalite.
Many archeologists that research old villages and towns that had their demise via volcanoes, usually include Obsidian deposits. However, today, Obsidian is generally found and mined in Italy, Scotland, Mexico, and many states in the USA including Arizona, Colorado, Texas, and Utah. Many Native Americans have used Obsidian in the past for weapons, tools, and as ornamental or spiritual jewelry. Obsidian is usually very glossy and comes in textures similar to glass. They can break off and create excellent sharp edges, mirrors, or other types of tools.
The Uses of Obsidian
Obsidian is one of the more interesting semi-precious gemstones available. What makes Obsidian extremely beautiful is that it is essentially lava that has cooled very quickly, not allowing it to create traditional crystalline structures. Usually, Obsidian comes into contact with a very cool environment or most notably water and cools very quickly causing these beautiful semi-precious gemstones to be created.
Obsidian has been known to man since the dawn of time and there is evidence to suggest that prehistoric man used Obsidian for weapons such as blades on arrows or knives, tools, and religious symbols.
Today, Obsidian is regarded as a semi-precious stone that is made into exquisite ornamental jewelry such as rings, earrings, bracelets, charms, pendants, etc. Many Native American cultures still use Obsidian for religious ornaments and you can find Obsidian in many different sizes and shapes which can be created into statuettes or small figurines. It should be noted that Obsidian is not a hard material and only scores a 5 to 5.5 on Mohs hardness scale.
Obsidian – The History and Origins
Obsidian is a semi-precious stone that has been known to man for thousands of years. Obsidian is much different from many stones and has had many uses besides ornamental jewelry. Most Obsidian is caused by lava cooling off extremely quickly, which is usually the result of obsidian coming into contact with water. The effect is a very glossy sheen and crystals that can be sharp and beautiful.
There is evidence that Obsidian was used during prehistoric times as weapons and tools to cut objects with. When lava cools off, usually as a result of coming into contact with water, it causes many sharp shards of crystals, which can easily be broken off and used as knives, blades, mirrors and jewelry.
During ancient times it was supposively named by a Roman soldier name Obsius that found Obsidian in Ethiopia. Obsidian comes in many varieties most notably Sheen Obsidian, which has a golden sheen to it, Rainbow Obsidian which gives off a rainbow effect when looked at, and Snowflake Obsidian, which has white inclusions that look remarkably like white snowflakes within the Obsidian.