History and origin of Peridot
Peridot is a very attractive-looking gemstone that is usually olive green in color. Its name is French and is pronounced as Pear-ih-doe. While known for thousands of years, many times it was incorrectly called Chrysolite. Peridot is usually noted as a beautiful olive-green stone. While other colors such as brown, yellow, yellowish-brown, and brownish-green are available, by the far the most popular and attractive are the olive-green colored gemstones.
Peridot is sometimes called Olivine which is its Mineral name. However, when sold at commercial jewelry stores, it is almost always named Peridot. Peridot is made from magnesium and iron with silica and oxygen mixed in.
Peridot is not that common in many world regions and thus does not have an extensive history. However, it is still considered one of the birthstones available for the month of August.
While Peridot does have a decent hardness of 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs hardness scale, it is usually considered not the best stone for rings or certain types of ornamental jewelry. The reason being is that it is extremely susceptible to chemical weathering and can change colors or lose its color quite rapidly. In fact, one of the reasons that Peridot is very difficult to find around the world is that once it surfaces or comes close to the surface, it possibly weathers away in a very quick fashion.
What is Peridot used for?
While Peridot can make a wonderful mineral for ornamental jewelry, if you are planning on wearing a piece that includes Peridot for every day, you should reconsider. While high-quality Peridot will last for generations, everyday wear especially with items such as rings, might not be the best choice, due to the fact that Peridot weathers are extremely easy. You might want to consider a brooch, charm, earrings, or a bracelet.
It is important to note that Peridot does have its jewelry niches. For those looking for a wonderful green gemstone that is not as bright or deep green as the emerald, the Peridot is perfect. These gemstones are commonly called “Evening Emerald”.
Peridot is the commercial gemstone name for this magnesium iron mineral that sometimes is mixed with nickel and chromium. Chromium gives Peridot its beautiful green hue. In regular mineral form, Peridot is commonly called Olivine. Another mineral that is closely associated with Peridot in color and features is Chrysolite.
How and where is Peridot formed?
Usually, Peridot is found in rocks that are high in iron or magnesium. Unfortunately, Peridot is not found in many regions around the world. This fact is possibly due to the way in which Peridot is very susceptible to weathering. For instance, high heats, water, and friction can easily destroy Peridot. This is not only true in deposits in mines and under the surface, but for ornamental jewelry that is created from these wonderfully hued stones.
While Peridot is rare, it can be found in a select few places, primarily St. Johns Island in the Red Sea, Myanmar in Asia, and the state of Arizona in the United States.
Different colors, shapes, and sizes that Peridot comes in
Peridot comes in many different sizes and it is not uncommon to find a Peridot gemstone that is over 15 carats. Peridot also can be cut in many different shapes and sizes. For instance, Peridot is used many times for necklace charms and brooches. Earrings are also popular with this beautiful gemstone.
The gemstone is made from magnesium, iron, silica and can include nickel or chromium, especially if it is the color green. When yellow, expect more iron in it. While Peridot does scratch easily and is susceptible to weathering, for many people that are looking for a gemstone to be worn occasionally, Peridot is a great choice.