September Birthstone: Sapphire

The beautiful blue stone Sapphire is the September birthstone, the fifth and 45th wedding anniversary stone, and the zodiac gem for Taurus.

Where can sapphire be found?

While Montana and North Carolina contain deposits of Sapphire, this gem stone can also be found in Australia, Cambodia, Cameroon, China (Shandong), Colombia, Ethiopia, India (Kashmir), Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar (Burma), Nigeria, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, and Vietnam.


Just like any gem, the sapphire is formed over thousands of years inside Earth’s crust. However, unlike others, it is very easily washed away by rivers and taken long distances until it settles temporarily on the river bed where, thanks to its intense blue color it is easily spotted by treasure hunters.

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Sapphire Symbolism, History and Myths

In Greek mythology, the Sapphire was the gem of Apollo, the Greek god of prophesy. Ancient Persians called Sapphires the “celestial stone” and in the Middle Ages, Sapphire was one of the few stones worn in holy jewelry since it was thought to represent sincerity, purity and truth.
The Indians attributed sapphire with all sorts of properties, such as the ability to develop wisdom and spirituality.

The Romans used them as jewels that were thought to offer some divine favors to the owners.

In the middle ages, alchemists thought it helped them get telepathic capabilities.


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Sapphire colors

The Sapphire gets its color from the presence of small amounts of iron and titanium. The color can range from a very pale blue to a deep indigo with the finest color similar to a cornflower blue.

It comes in all shades of blue, from very light to dark. However, the most valuable ones are the medium blues, generally called Kashmir blues because of their origin place.

There are sapphires that come in other colors than blue, such as violet, pink, yellow, green and of course, the famous Padparadscha. They are numerous, so they are actually quite cheap.

Padparadscha SapphireSome jewelers apply heat treating to sapphire to enhance their colors. Only diamond is tougher than them, although you should be careful not to scratch them. Most scratches come by rubbing a sapphire to another sapphire, or by direct hits applied to the stone.

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